Minerals in NSW are mostly owned by the State. That means royalties and economic benefits from extracting minerals help provide services to the people of NSW.

Mining activities are tightly controlled to ensure an efficient and sustainable use of all natural resources. Mining and exploration companies for minerals and coal must abide by the Mining Act 1992 and other legislation.

For information on how you can have your say on coal and petroleum titles, read about the Public comment process.

Regular updates on the status of coal, minerals and petroleum titles in NSW are published on this website in the section Title status reports.

  • Community consultation
  • Land access arrangements for mineral exploration

    Download templates for land access arrangements between landholders and mineral exploration companies.

    Go to Land access arrangements for mineral exploration

  • Exploration licences & regulation

    Learn about the purpose of exploration, what exploration companies must do before they commence exploration and the types of activities that may be undertaken as part of an exploration program.

    Go to Exploration licences & regulation

  • Mining leases & regulation

    Learn about the grant and regulation of mining leases, and environmental management and safety in relation to mining operations.

    Go to Mining leases & regulation

  • Legacy Mines Program
  • Opal mining

    Download the Code of conduct for landholders,opal miners and prospectors, and other resources for prospectors.

    Go to Opal mining

  • Conveyancing searches

    Request a conveyancing search to find out if a mining or exploration title affects a particular parcel of land (note that a fee applies to searches).

    Go to Conveyancing searches

  • Geoscience and products

    Find out how to access the NSW specific geoscience information, geological maps and online services produced by the department's Geological Survey of NSW.

    Go to Geoscience and products

  • Historical resources

    Download a range heritage maps and parish maps of NSW. Browse a selection of fact sheets on the history of gold and coal mining in NSW, and ochre and stone mining by Indigenous Australians.

    Go to Historical resources

  • Common Ground

    Common Ground gives communities access to interactive maps of resource titles and other related information.

    Go to Common Ground

  • Incident reporting

    Mine operators are required to report an incident or make notifications to the department on a range of matters. Community members can report an alleged breach of any of the Acts we regulate.

    Go to Incident reporting

  • Stockton offshore sand exploration
For further information
Geological Survey of NSW
02 4063 6500
Geological Survey of NSW, Planning and Environment, PO Box 344 Hunter Regional Mail Centre NSW 2310
516 High Street Maitland NSW 2320 Map